Doosan Fuel Cell has finalized a partnership with Korea Western Power and Serveon for eleven fuel cells totalling five megawatts. These will be manufactured in Doosan’s South Windsor, Connecticut production facility. The PureCell® Model 400 power plants will generate clean electricity for nearly 3,000 homes in a suburb of Seoul. This is the second major agreement that Doosan has made recently with a Korean utility.
“Our significant recent growth in Korea, as well as in the U.S., is helping pave our path for expansion in the global fuel cell market,” says Doosan President and CEO Jeff Chung.
“Hydrogen-based fuel cell technology is beginning to receive worldwide acceptance as a cleaner, quieter, more efficient alternative to conventional fossil fuel-based generation.”
The eleven power plants – which will occupy barely one-quarter acre, compared to solar panels requiring 38 acres to generate the same amount of electricity – will be installed at Korea Western Power’s new plant in the port city of Incheon and will be operational in 2016.
Following its recent deal with Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power, Korea’s largest utility, as well as earlier installations, Doosan will now be responsible for 129 fuel cell power plants that equate to 50 MW of power generation throughout Korea. One reason for the accelerated conversion to fuel cells that minimize greenhouse emissions is that all utility companies in South Korea must adhere to renewable portfolio standards (similar to those in 29 U.S. states), which require clean energy integration throughout the country.
Doosan designs, engineers and manufactures phosphoric acid fuel cells for commercial and industrial applications and supplies combined heat and power to building and utility systems. With its growing team, and focus on innovation and technology leadership, Doosan’s stated vision is to be the global leader in the fuel cell industry.
Ceres Power Holdings has announced the completion of a manufacturing scale up project of its unique fuel cell technology. This will enable high volume production, a key step towards mass market commercialisation in response to growing market opportunities.
The new high-speed print line at the Ceres’ manufacturing facility in Horsham has reduced ceramic on steel print-cycle time from 30 seconds to just 3 seconds, representing a 10 fold increase in processing speed. This demonstrates that Ceres’ processes are consistent with low cost, high volume manufacturing and confirms the Steel Cell as a disruptive low cost fuel cell technology.
This project has been successfully delivered by Ceres in partnership with ASM Alternative Energy (ASM AE), the global provider of screen printing equipment. It is part-funded by £0.7m from Innovate UK’s Advanced Manufacturing Supply Chain Initiative. By using standard processes developed for the solar industry and conventional materials such as steel, this project has been key to demonstrating that the Steel Cell can be mass-produced at an affordable price.
The innovative print line is the first of its kind and has been created by combining ASM AE’s existing high-speed photovoltaic manufacturing processes and Eclipse printing solutions with Ceres’ own existing manufacturing capabilities.
Ceres sees growing opportunities for its fuel cell technology across a range of mass-market power applications and is working with leading power systems companies worldwide. Ceres is delivering on its strategy of establishing the Steel Cell as the platform of choice for future power products.
James Falla, Chief Operating Officer, Ceres Power, commented: “This represents an important step change in cost that fuel cells need to bring about widespread adoption. With the help of Innovate UK funding and ASM Alternative Energy we are now showing that our Steel Cell can be mass manufactured economically using highly scalable processes, allowing us to provide customers with a low cost fuel cell solution.”
Brian Lau, Vice President of Business Development, ASM Alternative Energy, commented: “ASM Alternative Energy is constantly pushing the envelope; not only on sheer print speed, but on throughput to ensure fast, high volume, high yield processing. The partnership with Ceres Power is a very important step forward for lowering the cost of fuel cell technology and highlights the capability of ASM AE’s Eclipse cell printing platform as a central component to enabling affordable alternative energy solutions. We are honoured to work with Ceres Power on this significant milestone.” To find out more watch Innovate UK’s film about Ceres Power’s manufacturing scale up at: https://youtu.be/QfOG6bAuubs
NEW JOINT DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENT WITH HONDA
Ceres Power has signed a new Joint Development Agreement with Honda R & D Co Ltd to develop Solid Oxide Fuel Cell stacks using Ceres Power’s unique metal-supported Steel Cell technology for a range of potential power equipment applications. The Ceres Power and Honda joint development will also include a third party who will consider the future mass production scale–up of the Steel Cell technology based on Ceres Power’s manufacturing processes. This two-year contract will allow the parties to build upon the successful previous Joint Development Agreement and represents a deepening of the relationship between Honda and Ceres Power.
Phil Caldwell, Chief Executive of Ceres Power, commented: “This latest agreement with Honda represents a huge endorsement of our Steel Cell technology, in the world’s most advanced fuel cell market. We are demonstrating that we can successfully deliver on our strategy of embedding our Steel Cell technology into a variety of different power products and markets with the world’s leading companies. We look forward to continuing to work with Honda to meet their high standards for performance quality and supply.”
FUNDING FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLE APPLICATIONS
Ceres Power is the leader of a consortium which will be granted £772,000 from InnovateUK and The Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV). Ceres will be allocated £573,000 of this grant.
The Company will lead a team, which includes a global automotive company, to trial its Steel Cells with a view to extending the range of electric light commercial vehicles and will announce more details of this programme at a later date. The funding, part of a £38 million fund from OLEV and InnovateUK, is intended to develop ideas to cut vehicle emissions and make plug-in vehicles drive further. It will be distributed to more than 130 companies and research centres across the country.
Phil Caldwell of Ceres Power said: “Our innovative Steel Cell technology has a range of potential applications and we are delighted to lead on this exciting project to help cut vehicle emissions globally. This is our second partnership announcement this year in line with our stated strategy to embed our Steel Cell technology into a variety of different power products with the world’s leading companies.”
LATEST RELEASE OF TECHNOLOGY ENABLES CERES TO TARGET NEW MARKETS AND APPLICATIONS
Ceres Power has announced that the excellent progress made with the latest release of its V3 Steel Cell technology platform improves efficiency and power density to the point which enables them to address high efficiency, power-only applications for the commercial market, as well as significantly improving the economic case for the residential market. Ultimately the latest increase in performance enables Ceres to tap into a more significant part of the distributed generation market, which is predicted to be worth around $200 billion globally by 2020, of which approximately $40 billion is expected to come from fuel cell power systems.
HIGH EFFICIENCY WITH ZERO NOx AND SOx
For the residential market, Ceres has developed the Steel Gen platform, a 1kW class power system which uses the V3 technology, to achieve 50% net electrical efficiency in one of the most compact fuel cell system designs available. This platform is now available to OEM partners, allowing fuel cell power systems running on natural gas to achieve significant power-only efficiencies in the home or business which are higher than the best state-of-the-art centralised generating plants. Steel Gen has an overall efficiency of up to 90% when also capturing the heat.
For the commercial scale market which requires higher power applications, Ceres has developed a modular stack concept for the first time using the V3 technology which in initial testing has achieved 55% net electrical efficiency. This is hugely important as 50% is the tipping point when the technology becomes viable for commercial and light industrial scale applications. The Steel Cell technology provides a superior alternative to diesel generator sets and gas engines, as it produces zero SOx and NOx emissions which will be key to ensuring cleaner cities, whilst also lowering CO2 and energy bills by around a third.
Phil Caldwell commented: “Our strategy is simple: to make our Steel Cell technology the platform for a range of distributed power generation products for every home and business. We have already seen high levels of early stage interest in higher power products from US, Korea and Japan. Having achieved this latest technical advance, we now expect to announce progress on a number of new partnerships in the near future.”
NEW OEM EVALUATION AGREEMENT FOR MULTI kW SYSTEMS
Ceres Power has signed a new evaluation agreement for its Steel Cell Technology with a leading global Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM). Under this agreement Ceres will deploy a complete Steel Cell system for a period of rigorous testing. Under the terms of an additional Memo of Understanding, if the testing proves successful the two parties intend to enter into joint development of a multi kW system. This agreement builds on the increases in power density and efficiency and places the Company’s technology firmly into the area of higher power applications. www.cerespower.com
BOC, the UK’s largest supplier of industrial gases, has signed an agreement with ITM Power to provide infrastructure for ITM Power’s new electrolyser-based hydrogen refuelling stations for passenger cars. The announcement underpins ITM Power’s ongoing plans to build a network of hydrogen refuelling stations in the UK and demonstrates its commitment to green transport. Hydrogen-powered vehicles emit only water vapour, produce no carbon emissions or air pollution, have a range of several hundred miles and refuel in three minutes.
BOC, a member of The Linde Group, will use its specialist market knowledge to source and install the most appropriate Group technology including hydrogen compressors and dispensers. These will be installed at ITM Power’s new hydrogen refuelling station locations, based on its proprietary electrolyser technology. This latest siting and refuelling agreement builds on the existing successful partnership between the two companies.
The Linde Group is one of the leading gases and engineering companies in the world with over 135 years’ experience in dealing with gases, as well as the strength to create a safe and sustainable platform for alternative fuels and energy carriers such as hydrogen and liquefied natural gas (LNG). BOC is a key player in the development of the hydrogen transport fuel market in the UK.
BOC’s hydrogen refuelling station at Honda’s site in Swindon opened in 2011. It offers both 350 and 700 bar refuelling to serve passenger cars, light goods vehicles and forklift trucks.
BOC’s Aberdeen hydrogen production and bus refuelling station is part of the Aberdeen Bus Project and fuels Europe’s largest fleet of hydrogen fuel cell buses. The station features Linde’s IC-90 ionic compressors and in its first year the station has demonstrated unparalleled reliability, dispensing over 35,000 kg of hydrogen to the buses with fuel availability greater than 99.99%. It is this established technology and knowledge that is going to be delivered to the ITM Power refuelling stations. Linde has delivered over 100 hydrogen refuelling stations around the world.
ITM Power is set to become the dominant hydrogen fuel supplier in the UK, with plans and funding under way to deploy eight refuelling stations in and around London, having already opened one station in Rotherham. Of the eight stations, the first London refuelling station will open in May 2016 at the National Physical Laboratory in Teddington and the second will open in July at the Centre for Engineering and Manufacturing Excellence in East London (funded by the Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking). A further three refuelling stations will be sited on publically accessible forecourts and these will open before the end of 2016. ITM Power has a hydrogen fuel contract with Toyota, which will provide all users of the fuel cell powered Mirai with three years of hydrogen.
Dr Hamish Nichol, Innovation Manager for Hydrogen, BOC commented: “It is really exciting to be working with ITM Power to help them deliver their ambitious programme of hydrogen stations. The success of BOC’s refuelling station in Aberdeen will ensure that together with ITM Power we are able to make hydrogen a reliable and accessible clean fuel for future mobility.”
Dr Graham Cooley, CEO of ITM Power commented: “We are delighted to be working with BOC who have a significant leading role in the UK delivering onsite solutions for industrial and fuel gases. Onsite integrated hydrogen refuelling solutions utilising the leading edge technology of ITM Power and BOC is a world class offering.”
ITM POWER SELLS 1MW ELECTROLYSER TO ZEAG ENERGIE IN GERMANY
ITM Power has announced the sale of a 1megawatt (MW) electrolyser system with some additional equipment to ZEAG Energie AG by competitive tender. ZEAG engages in the production and supply of electric power in Germany. The company generates electricity through wind power, hydropower, photovoltaics, nuclear, fossil, and other fuels. It also supplies natural gas to industrial, commercial, and residential customers in the northeastern district of Heilbronn.
The system will comprise an electrolyser, compressor and apparatus to fill portable hydrogen tube containers. The electrolyser will have a nominal capacity of circa 0.9MW in normal operation with an overrun capability of 1MW. The system will be owned and operated by ZEAG but housed in a specially constructed building located at DLR (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt), the German Aerospace Centre in Lampoldshausen. ITM Power is exploring a small further engineering consultancy contract to assist DLR with extended use of hydrogen facilities. The system is being supplied with a two year warranty plus a five year maintenance contract. Delivery is planned for the first quarter of 2017.
Dr Graham Cooley commented: “We are delighted to be working with ZEAG and DLR on this important sale for ITM Power. Germany continues to be an important early adoption market for hydrogen fuel and Power-to-Gas equipment and we look forward to updating the market in the near future on further sales.”
ITM AND ARUP IDENTIFYING NEW HYDROGEN REFUELLING SITES
ITM Power has signed an agreement with Ove Arup & Partners Ltd (Arup) for siting and business development of both hydrogen refuelling stations and hydrogen energy systems.
Arup is a world leading firm of designers, planners, engineers, consultants and technical specialists working across the built environment. Arup has access to many early stage construction schemes involving energy systems. The collaboration will identify opportunities for the deployment of hydrogen refuelling stations and energy storage systems using ITM Power’s energy storage and refuelling technologies.
Dr Graham Cooley said that this is an excellent opportunity to identify new sites for hydrogen refuelling stations and other energy related projects.” Alan Thomson, Director, Global Leader Energy Systems, Arup, commented “Arup is delighted to be working with ITM Power to identify deployment opportunities for this exciting technology. Arup has a world leading energy team and adding hydrogen technology to our portfolio will open up exciting new business.”
ITM AT HANNOVER FAIR
ITM Power will be participating in the Hannover Fair, which will be officially opened by Barack Obama and Dr. Angela Merkel. This year the United States is Partner Country at the world’s most important trade fair for industrial technology, which runs from 25th to 29th April in Hannover, Germany.
ITM Power will be showcasing its entire electrolyser system and invites visitors to see how the electrolyser can take excess renewable energy and water to generate hydrogen gas for energy storage and clean fuel applications. The plant on display is funded by the Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU) and is part of the Hydrogen Mobility Europe (H2ME) project, which is the largest European project of this nature. ITM Power has been shortlisted as one of the five companies to win the HERMES AWARD. The award is one of the world’s most important prizes in the world of industry and is given in honour of a technologically innovative product making its debut at the Hannover Fair. www.itm-power.com
The largest UK renewable energy event includes sessions on hydrogen and fuel cells.
The Hannover Messe includes Europe’s largest hydrogen and fuel cells exhibition.
Energy and Climate Change Secretary, Amber Rudd MP, visited Intelligent Energy’s headquarters in Loughborough to speak with their engineers and innovators. Amber Rudd was greeted at Loughborough Station by an Intelligent Energy fuel-cell powered black cab. She was then given a behind the scenes viewing of their technology portfolio and latest examples of embedded hydrogen fuel cells for smart phones and laptops.
The Energy Secretary’s visit coincided with the announcement that, following their £1.2bn deal to supply power to telecom towers in India, the first fuel cells in the field have generated more than 10MWh of power in just three months. So far the breakthrough clean energy project, which will run for ten years, has saved more than 55 tons of CO2 emissions by replacing the diesel generators needed to keep the telecom towers running when India’s electrical grid goes down.
The aim of the tour was to illustrate to the Energy Secretary how dynamic and powerful fuel cell technology is. The same fuel cell technology, in varying sizes and power outputs, is used to power drones, smart phones, taxis and fleet vehicles as well as telecom towers, at a growing scale and without the need for subsidies.
During her visit Amber Rudd said: “It’s been great to visit Intelligent Energy today and see first-hand world-leading innovation from a UK company that’s a real international success story, exporting cutting-edge technology that’s making a difference right now. This Government is backing companies like Intelligent Energy to grow, export their expertise, and create more jobs and financial security for working people and their families, in Loughborough and all across the country”.
Intelligent Energy’s Vice President of Government and External Programmes, Dennis Hayter, said: “We are delighted to have welcomed the Energy Secretary to our headquarters showing her how powerful fuel cell technology can be across a diverse range of applications. We are providing proof in the field as to how our fuel cells can be used to reduce carbon emissions while providing clean, silent, always-on power, without the need for subsidy. The overlap of Amber Rudd’s visit with our announcement of the ongoing success of our telecoms deal in India is timely. We are delighted to be in a position where we can show real results through this deal, a deal which truly encapsulates our vision of clean, reliable power. The first three months has been a strong start for us for powering telecom towers in India – and this is just the beginning.” www.intelligent-energy.com
Intelligent Energy’s fuel cell was a showstopper at CES (the Consumer Electronics Show) in Las Vegas in early January 2016. The Company has now signed a letter of intent with a major drone manufacturer to develop hydrogen fuel cell powered drones. The deal will see the two companies work together in the first quarter of 2016 to develop technological solutions to increase drone flight time. The goal is for the deal to lead to a formal commercial arrangement for the market launch.
Intelligent Energy was the subject of substantial international interest at CES when it unveiled its fuel cells embedded in a range of consumer electronics devices to dramatically increase the flight time between charges. The problem with drones, particularly for commercial use, is the short flight times and the long periods of downtime due to battery limitations and recharging. Intelligent Energy showcased its ultra-light weight fuel cell stack, which it has developed specifically for the drone market, as well as miniaturised fuel cell stacks that can be embedded into smart phones, laptops and notebooks.
TWO OR THREE TIMES LONGER IN THE AIR
Powering a drone with a hydrogen fuel cell could enable it to fly for hours, as opposed to minutes. Although the exact improvements in flight times will not be known until the production drone is finalised, the expectation is that a fuel cell could more than double or even triple the time a drone could remain airborne. In addition, fuel cells would reduce the downtime significantly as re-fuelling takes a matter of minutes.
“Our embedded fuel cell technology was well received at CES and we have had huge levels of interest from manufacturers so we are absolutely delighted to be signing our first letter of intent on the back of the show,” said Julian Hughes, Acting Managing Director for Intelligent Energy’s Consumer Electronics Division. “Major shortcomings to drone development are range and flight time. A longer flight time and, therefore, increased range means drones become much more viable for commercial use. We see the signing of this letter of intent as a very important step to the commercialisation of fuel cells in drones.”
The BBC has prepared a video showing how Intelligent Energy’s hydrogen fuel cells could contribute to a new commercial drone with greater range and minimal downtime: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-35890486
EVERYDAY ENERGY SOLUTIONS TO POWER PEOPLE’S LIVES
Working with international companies, Intelligent Energy aims to embed its technology in mass market applications to solve the challenges of continuous power and productivity, by creating everyday energy solutions to power people’s lives. The Group’s intellectual property and expertise is based around proprietary fuel cell technologies, which are the product of over 25 years of research and development. Its patent portfolio includes more than 1,000 patents granted and 1,000 patents pending. With its principal facility and headquarters in Loughborough, UK, the company also has operations in India, Japan and Singapore, a commercial office in Silicon Valley, USA and development facilities co-located at the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission in Grenoble and at NASA in Florida, USA. Intelligent Energy Holdings plc is listed on the London Stock Exchange. http://www.intelligent-energy.com
FuelCell Energy has successfully completed the three year evaluation of their Tri-generation technology at Orange County Sanitation District in California. The fuel cell system produced renewable hydrogen for fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) and power for the wastewater treatment facility, demonstrating the technical viability of the system using a sub-megawatt fuel cell plant.
FuelCell Energy’s hydrogen co-production system, utilizing a DFC3000® plant, generates approximately 1,200 kilogram per day of hydrogen, which is adequate to service approximately 300 cars or 50 buses per day.
Simultaneous with the hydrogen production is the generation of 2 megawatts of electric power and 2 million Btu of thermal energy. Hydrogen production results in a modest reduction of electrical output in the tri-generation configuration compared to the power/heat only configuration.
LOW CARBON FUEL STANDARD (LCFS)
The California Air Resources Board (CARB) has granted contingent certification for this renewable hydrogen generation solution using fuel cells at wastewater treatment facilities under the Low Carbon Fuel Standard. CARB carries out life cycle analyses of various technologies, which they term ‘certified pathways’. These define the ratio of carbon emissions to energy use, which is termed ‘carbon intensity’. FuelCell Energy’s tri-generation pathway has a remarkable negative carbon intensity, meaning that a vehicle using hydrogen fuel from tri-generation is not only carbon free, but in fact is offsetting carbon emissions compared to alternatives.
LCFS, established in 2007 through a Governor’s Executive Order, requires producers of petroleum-based fuels to reduce the carbon intensity of their products, culminating in a 10 percent total reduction by 2020. Petroleum importers, refiners and wholesalers can either develop their own low carbon fuel products, or buy LCFS Credits from other companies that develop and sell low carbon alternative fuels.
The inclusion of tri-generation FuelCell Energy power plants in the LCFS Credit Market means that each kilogram of renewable hydrogen supplied for vehicle fuelling is eligible for an LCFS credit that can be sold or traded to offset carbon-intensive petroleum fuel usage. Final certification is expected following a specified period of operation and review of performance data of a megawatt-class tri-generation system utilizing renewable biogas as the fuel source.
CARB regulations ensure that the production of hydrogen for transportation use is consistent with environmental goals. Fuel cells produce power by an electrochemical reaction, resulting in the virtual absence of pollutants such as nitrogen oxide (NOx) that causes smog, sulfur dioxide (SOx) that contributes to acid rain, or particulate matter that aggravates asthma.
NEGATIVE CARBON FOOTPRINT
“CARB’s team performed a complete Life Cycle Analysis on our tri-generation system and determined that we have a negative carbon footprint, as our power and hydrogen generation process is net carbon-neutral due to the use of renewable biogas, and is a cleaner use of the biogas compared to alternatives,” said Tony Leo, Vice President Application Engineering & Advanced Technology Development, FuelCell Energy. “This means that overall, we are negative carbon emitters; a superior result in comparison to other hydrogen generation technologies such as electrolysis or traditional steam reforming.
While the LCFS standard is focused on carbon emissions, it is also notable that tri-generation produces hydrogen without using water, which is consumed in both electrolysis and conventional steam methane reforming. Tri-generation uses waste heat and water by-products produced by the fuel cell during power generation to make hydrogen efficiently and without the need for external water consumption, which is increasingly a concern in certain regions, including California,” continued Mr.Leo.
PRICE COMPETITIVE WITH GASOLINE
“Our commercial solution for generating hydrogen is technologically, operationally and financially superior to conventional hydrogen generation alternatives and our ability to generate renewable hydrogen affordably and with private capital is a game-changer that addresses the challenges faced by regulators and auto manufacturers,” said Chip Bottone, Chief Executive Officer, FuelCell Energy. “The key aspect of supporting the hydrogen infrastructure necessary for widespread fuel cell electric vehicle adoption is a clean and carbon-friendly solution that is priced competitively to the cost of gasoline, which is what we can deliver.”
The FCEV market is expected to grow rapidly. Both Hyundai and Toyota have FCEVs commercially available today. Many other automobile manufacturers have announced plans for commercially launching FCEVs including General Motors, BMW, Honda, Audi and Mercedes. Providing renewable hydrogen for fuel cell buses and material handling are also potential markets. www.fce.com
Cella Energy’s hydrogen fuel cell powered unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) has been successfully tested by the Scottish Association for Marine Science (SAMS). The system is based on Cella’s solid, lightweight hydrogen storage material which is capable of releasing large quantities of hydrogen when heated. Cella has designed and built a gas generator using this material. The complete system, that is a Cella gas generator along with a fuel cell supplied and integrated by Arcola Energy, is considerably lighter than the lithium-ion battery it replaced.
Stephen Bennington, Cella’s Managing Director said: “This flight used a small prototype system and we were pleased with the initial flight. Another flight is scheduled to take place in the near future. The larger versions of this system that we are already designing will have three times the energy of a lithium-ion battery of the same weight.”
“This is an exciting market for us,” explained Alex Sorokin, Cella’s CEO. “It is growing rapidly and users are in desperate need of a power source that can outperform existing technologies in sectors ranging from emergency services to companies wanting to survey or map their infrastructure, be it a wind turbine or a gas pipeline.”
“As both developers and users of UAVs, we have been excited about the potential of this technology ever since we first met the teams from Cella Energy and Arcola,” said Phil Anderson, head of Marine Technology at SAMS. “Clean and dependable power in a UAV, such as this hydrogen-electric system, is essential for a range of environmental and climate monitoring, from methane sampling over tundra to CO2 exchange with the oceans. Lightweight power has been a limitation for aircraft – perhaps not for much longer.”
Ben Todd, Managing Director of Arcola Energy said, “We were delighted to have been able to validate Cella’s novel hydrogen generation capability, and to collaborate in this successful fuel cell integration into the challenging physical package of an airframe.” The work was funded by a grant from Innovate UK and has enabled Cella and Arcola to design and build a power system that could be incorporated into the UAV Raptor E1 of Raptor UAS.
Cella’s solid-state hydrogen storage technology also addresses the issues that surround the transportation of compressed gaseous hydrogen. Cella’s material is a solid and is not under compression, is stable in air and at temperatures below 500C. For this reason Cella is also working on aerospace systems with its partner, Safran’s Herakles division, which is soon to become part of Airbus-Safran Launchers, a joint venture between Safran and Airbus. The two have been working together to prove the feasibility of using Cella’s hydrogen storage material for aerospace applications. They have built a working system, and have gone a long way to understanding many of its safety, performance and certification requirements. www.cellaenergy.com